Generally, most organizations always place a huge premium on real time process management because it usually takes into consideration; the actual time that it takes a process or event to occur. Hence, the need for efficient real time scheduling of their organizational tasks is very imperative.



Real Time Scheduling


It is the analysis and testing of the scheduler system and the algorithms employed in real time applications. Also, it is the evaluation, testing, and verification of the system and the algorithms used in the real time operations of an organization. A real time scheduling system is made of the scheduler, clock, and the processing hardware components.

In the real time system, projects are accepted and completed as stipulated by the project deadline based on the properties of the scheduling algorithm. Earliest deadline first (EDF) is a dynamic priority scheduling algorithm used in real time operating systems to place processes in a priority queue. It is deployed when a scheduling event occurs, the queue will be thoroughly searched for the process closest to its deadline.

This process is the next to be scheduled for execution. Sinnaps, online project management can be used by organizations for the task of their real time scheduling because it can be easily integrated into the real- time scheduling system of any organization.


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Planning and Scheduling Software


This is the application used by the organizations in undertaking their planning and scheduling tasks. Planning and scheduling software will boost the productivity of the organization and enhance the profitability of the organizations. It will promote better utilization of resources at the disposal of the organizations.

The software will assist them in the development of effective and efficient operational model for their activities. With this, they will be able to come up with outstanding decisions that will ensure the achievement of their goals and objectives.

An example of planning and scheduling software is Sinnaps; it is an easy-to-use application that will aid organizations in their planning and scheduling tasks. It can be used for the simulation of processes of your organization. Also, it is a collaboration tool that can be used for the communication and sharing of information about the team’s plans and schedules.



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Group Scheduling


Group scheduling is the process of managing the schedules of a team. It involves the setting up of the calendar to alert every member of the group at a certain time. Group scheduling enables a user to set up a meeting with the members of the project team.

Group scheduling makes use of a program that can send emails automatically to the team members and the program will await their collective responses. In group scheduling, the schedules of a team can be properly organized into daily, weekly, monthly or quarterly in order to ensure that the members are on the same page in their stride to fulfill their goals and objectives.


Scheduled Time


Scheduled time of a team is the time calculated at the start of the event in order to arrive at a given control. Scheduled time is always fixed at the inception of the event. It is always used to determine whether the team is over the time limit.

In real time scheduling, the scheduling system is the type of software that enables managers to construct schedules for their workforce. It can effectively calculate each worker’s total hours projected over a scheduling cycle. Also, on the scheduling system, employers can properly manage the payment of overtime by viewing how many hours people are scheduled to work in a given cycle.

Faces scheduling is the web-based service that enables the authorized clients to reserve resources on a first-come, first served basis. It is designed to facilitate the scheduling of scientific instruments and other resources in a research environment.

Furthermore, product scheduling software is the software that can help in planning and managing the entire production cycle of a team. Product scheduling software will efficiently create processes and workflows; it will also create ownership, add deadlines, and help you in communicating with your team and clients. Sinnaps can be used as the product scheduling software of your team.




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Resource scheduling software is software that can handle the management of resources such as staff, space, and equipment in order to complete tasks or projects of a team. Resource scheduling software will check the availability of the resource, then schedule the start and end dates. It will also manage any conflicts or dependencies in resources and monitor over-time to adapt to changes.

In most organizations, the way the shifts are scheduled is paramount to their productivity, hence the need to integrate effective shift scheduling software into their operations. Shift scheduling software is used for the management of everyday shift of organizations. It provides flexibility to human resources managers in the creation and management of shift rosters.

It will guard against scheduling errors and will map employees without hassle. Also, it will instantly notify employees of their shift. Shift scheduling software will enhance the schedule optimization which will increase the productivity of the organization.

Furthermore, organizations that aim to achieve its goal should embrace automated scheduling because it will allow employers to know the employees that are available and qualified to fill a shift. It will increase transparency among the employees by improving their communication with each other. Also, automatic scheduling will quickly find replacements for unfilled shifts.

Also, service scheduling software ensures excellent service delivery to the customers because it will assist businesses and organizations in scheduling their resources and services optimally. The software will help them in keeping their field workers on track and on time by ensuring the start and completion of work orders. Machine scheduling is the process used by various organizations in assigning a group of tasks to a machine. This is done by arranging the tasks so that the performance measures will be optimized.


Deadline Scheduler


Deadline scheduler will guarantee a start service time for a request. Deadline scheduler will impose a deadline on all I/0 operations so as to guard against starvation of requests. Also, it can maintain two deadline queues in addition to the sorted queue.

Real time operating system (RTOS) is an operating system planned to serve real time applications which process data as it comes in without any buffer delay. RTOS is known for its level of its consistency in relation to the amount of time it takes to accept and complete the task involved in an application.


Pre-emptive Scheduling Example


Pre-emptive is one that can be done in situations when a process shifts from running state to the ready state. In pre-emptive scheduling, the resources are allocated to the process for the limited amount of time and then taken away and the process is placed back in the ready queue again if it still has central processing unit burst time remaining.

For example, there were 4 processes T0, T1, T2, and T3. Out of the 4 processes, T2 arrived at time 0. Then, the CPU was assigned to the process T2 because there was no other process in the queue. Nevertheless, T2 was ongoing, T3 arrived at time 1, but the remaining time for T2 (5 milliseconds) which was greater than the time needed by T3 (4 milliseconds). So, CPU was allocated to processor T3.

In essence, T3 was ongoing, process T1 arrived at time 2. Then the remaining time for T3 (3 milliseconds) was less than the time needed for processes T1 (4 milliseconds) and T2 (5 milliseconds). Then T3 was allowed to continue and while T3 was ongoing, process T0 arrived at time 3, the remaining time for T3 (2 milliseconds) was equal to the time required by T0 (2 milliseconds). So, T3 continued and after T3 was terminated, the CPU was allocated to T0 as it had less burst time than others. After the termination of T0, the CPU was allocated to T1 and later to T2.


Schedule Simulator


A schedule simulator will help organizations in planning their schedules over a fixed period of time. The time period can be daily, weekly, monthly or quarterly. Sinnaps is an efficient example of schedule simulator; it can be used in simulating various processes of the organization.


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It supports effective communication and collaboration among the project team. It is very easy to use and effective in sharing information about project schedules among the stakeholders. It is cloud-based which makes it reliable in storing schedule plans of various project teams.


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